Kindergarten, Grade 1 and 2 are taught by Inuit teachers in Inuktitut.
Although there have been Kindergarten classes at Kativik since the 1970’s, this is the first year of full time classes for these young students. New materials have been created to reflect the northern environment and to introduce students to Inuktitut syllabics. Classes are set up with a number of centres (e.g. reading centre, writing centre, etc.). The teaching of subjects is integrated (e.g. the study of animals, past learning are reinforced and new concepts in math, science, music and drama are taught; reading and writing skills are also developed, and physical education activities are integrated).
There is an emphasis on oral language in all courses so that students develop their vocabulary and learn correct language patterns. Language Arts classes consist of activities in pre-reading, reading in syllabics and reading for pleasure, story telling, handwriting, and oral language.
In Math, the following concepts are taught: unifying concepts (e.g. classifying), numbers, adding and subtracting, measurement, and geometry. Many materials have been developed to complement these units.
In Social Studies, students learn about families at home and around the world, Inuit kinships and names, dangerous places in their environment, health issues, current events in their community (holidays, etc.). There is a teaching kit for each of these units.
Science themes include the study of rocks and sand, colours and colour mixing, floating and sinking, body parts, sounds, and animals from the environment.
In music, students learn songs in Inuktitut and are shown how to listen to and enjoy a variety of music. They learn how to move their body to music and folk dances. Basic instruction is given in the playing of an instrument. Mobility, locomotion, and throwing and catching skills are part of Physical Education. Personal Development includes learning social skills, learning about hygiene, and learning the Lord’s Prayer. Art gives practice at developing creativity and manipulating different materials such as soapstone.
The Grade 2 program is similar to that of Grade 1. However the content and the activities are different. In Language Arts, the skills taught in Grade 1 continue to be emphasized; more emphasis is given to creative writing and the use of finals and diacritics is introduced. Math is taught at a higher level. Drama is introduced. Physical Education, Art, Music, and Dance are all taught. In Social Studies students learn about their community and its history and about land forms. In Science they learn about arctic animals, light and shadows, air, and the properties of things.
This is the first year of instruction in the second language (English or French). Students are taught all content subjects (Math, Science, Art, and sometimes Social Studies) in second language. The Inuktitut language is still taught for a few hours each week. Religion and Culture, and in some cases Social Studies are taught in Inuktitut.
Grade Four to Six
Students continue to learn in a second language (English or French) and to develop general knowledge and skills in the content areas. In language more emphasis is put on the acquisition of reading and writing skills. The Math program develops skills in Arithmetic, Geometry, Measurement, and problem solving; it also encourages the use of manipulative. Inuktitut and Culture continue to be taught, increasing from 2 periods a week to 5 as programs are being developed in native language.
Grade 7 is an extra school year intended to reinforce the acquisition of second language and math skills to better prepare the students to pursue their secondary studies.
Secondary One to Three
Students follow the regular Secondary program with an extra focus on second language acquisition. Programs follow the MEQ guidelines while incorporating Northern content. The following subjects are studied throughout Secondary: Math, Language of Instruction (French or English), Social Studies (Geography, History, and Politics), Personal and Social Development, and Physical Education. In the Sciences, students study Ecology in Secondary 1, Physics of the Environment in Secondary 2, and Biology in Secondary 3. In Secondary 2, students can begin to take Computer courses and in Secondary 3, they start Career Choice. Students also continue to study Inuktitut, Religion and Culture in their mother tongue throughout Secondary. In some communities, Social Studies is also given in Inuktitut.
Students continue studying the core subjects, but now begin to make decisions for their future studies. In Science, they can take either Physical Science 416 or 436, for those more scientifically inclined. Students can also choose to study a higher level of Mathematics (436) and Computer Science is a compulsory course. In Social Studies they continue to study geography, history, and politics, with the addition of economics. At the end of Secondary four, they can choose to follow a vocational program or to continue with Secondary studies.
In their final year of Secondary, students continue with their core studies, honing their language and math skills in preparation for graduation and the possibility of further studies at the CEGEP level. In Science, they can study either Chemistry or Physics 534. Towards the end of the school year, a test is administered to the students to assess their language proficiency for CEGEP.
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